10301031. Thomas Stanton was born in Towcester, Northamptonshire, England, on Thursday, October 3, 1616, and died in Stonington, New London County, Connecticut, on December 2, 1677. Anne Lord was born in Towcester on Sunday, September 18, 1614, and died in Stonington in 1688. They were married in 1637. She took the name Anne Stanton. He is the son of Thomas and Katherine (Washington) Stanton. She is the daughter of Thomas and Dorothy (Bird) Lord. They had ten children:
|i.||Thomas Stanton was born in Stonington, New London, Connecticut, in 1638, and died on April 11, 1718. He married Sarah Denison in 1659 (Wheeler gives 1658).|
|ii.||John Stanton was born in Stonington in 1641, and died on October 3, 1713. He married Hannah Thompson in 1665.|
|iii.||Mary Stanton [#515]: She was born in Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, in 1643.|
|iv.||Hannah Lord Stanton was born in Stonington in 1644, and died on October 17, 1727. She married Nehemiah Palmer on November 20, 1662.|
|v.||Joseph Stanton was born in Stonington in 1646, and died on March 21, 1714. He married Hannah Mead on June 19, 1673.|
|vi.||Daniel Stanton was born in Stonington in 1648, and died in 1687. He married Sarah Wheeler on June 1, 1671, and lived in Barbados.|
|vii.||Dorothy Stanton was born in Stonington in 1651, and died on January 19, 1742. She married Rev. James Noyes on September 12, 1674.|
|viii.||Robert Stanton was born in Stonington in 1653, and died on October 25, 1724. He married Joanna Gardenier on September 12, 1677.|
|ix.||Sarah Stanton was born in Stonington in 1654, and died on August 7, 1713. She married first, Thomas Prentice on March 20, 1675; and second, William Denison. (Wheeler gives: b. 1655.)|
|x.||Samuel Stanton was born in Stonington in 1657. He married Borodill Denison on June 16, 1680.|
This Thomas Stanton is often referred to as the first Thomas Stanton of Connecticut, probably to distinguish him from his father, son, and grandson, all namesakes.
From List of Officials in Connecticut and New Haven Colonies 16351665²
STANTON, THOMAS (d. 1677). Served in the Pequot War. Indian Interpreter (Marshall), Conn. Col., Apr., 1638 (dismissed Apr., 1646), Jan., 1649; Deputy (Hartford) to Conn. Leg., May, 1651; Judge (Stonington town), Oct., 1664, May, 1665.
From History of the Town of Stonington, ..., pages 576578, is taken:
THOMAS STANTON, who became distinguished among the first planters of Stonington, Conn., was in early manhood in England designed and educated for a cadet, but, not liking the profession of arms, and taking a deep interest in the religious principles of the migrating Puritans, lie left his native land, embarking on board of the good ship "Bonaventure," in 1635, and landed in Virginia, but left there almost immediately for Boston, mingling with the natives on the way, and rapidly acquired a knowledge of their language and customs. On arrival in Boston he was recognized by Winthrop and his associates as a valuable man, worthy of the most unlimited confidence, for the very next year he was selected by the Boston authorities to accompany Mr. Fenwick and Hugh Peters as interpreter on a mission to Saybrook, Conn., to hold a conference with the Pequot Indians relative to the murder of Capt. Stone and Newton. After the close of the conference Mr. Stanton went up to Hartford, and there fixed his permanent abode in 1637. Mr. Stanton's accurate knowledge of the language and character of the Indians soon gave him prominence in the new settlements of Connecticut, for the very first year that he came to Hartford, the General Court gave him ten pounds for the service he had already done for the country, and declared that he should be a public officer, to attend the court upon all occasions, either general or particular, at the meetings of the magistrates, to interpret between them and the Indians, at a salary of ten pounds per annum. Mr. Stanton did not always agree with the policy of Capt. Mason and the court relative to the treatment of the Indians, and drew upon himself their displeasure; but being a man accustomed to speak his own mind and act upon his own convictions, maintained his position, though they discontinued his salary for two years, alleging long absence as the cause, and appointed Mr. Gilbert to take his place, but in 1648 they restored him to the place with its compensation. He became the intimate and especial friend of Gov. Winthrop of Connecticut, acting as his interpreter in all of his intercourse with the Indians. It was while thus employed, in an interview with Ninigret in the Narragansett country that Mr. Stanton became acquainted with the Pawcatuck Valley, and selected it for his future residence. He was the first white man who joined Mr. William Chesebrough in his new settlement. He petitioned the General Court of Connecticut for liberty to erect a trading house there, which was granted in February, 1650. In the spring following he came to Pawcatuck and erected his trading house on the west bank of Pawcatuck river, in Stonington, in 1651, near a place ever since known as Pawcatuck Rock, for the reason that the deep water channel in the river touched the east side of said rock, where vessels trading with him could easily receive and discharge their cargoes without any expense for the erection of a wharf. Mr. Stanton did not remove his family to Pawcatuck in Stonington until 1657, where he had previously erected a dwelling house. The precise site of this house cannot now be ascertained, but no doubt it was conveniently near his trading house on Pawcatuck River. The object of building the trading house was to open trade with the coasting vessels which were cruising along our New England shores, gathering furs from the Indians and purchasing the surplus products of the planters, and selling the same either in Boston or in the West Indies. After the articles of confederation between the New England colonies had been established in 1643, among all of the distinguished interpreters of New England, Mr. Stanton was selected as interpreter general, to be consulted and relied upon in all emergencies. In this capacity and in their behalf he acted as interpreter, especially between the ministers employed by the Commissioners of the United Colonies, acting as agents of the London Missionary Society, and the Indians, to whom they preached. He also aided the Rev. Abraham Pierson in the translation of his catechism into the Indian tongue, certifying to the same in his official capacity. After Mr. Stanton became an inhabitant of Pawcatuck in Stonington he took an active part in town affairs, he became prominent, and was elected to almost every position of public trust in the new settlement. In 1658, when Pawcatuck was included in the town of Southertown, under the jurisdiction of Massachusetts, he was appointed selectman and magistrate. After Pawcatuck was set off to the Connecticut Colony by the charter of 1662, Mr. Stanton was appointed magistrate and commissioner, and re-appointed every year up to the time of his death. He was elected deputy or representative to the General Court of Connecticut in 1666 and re-elected every year up to 1675.
When courts were first established in New London County in 1666, Major Mason, Thomas Stanton and Lieut. Pratt of Saybrook, were appointed judges. Thus it appears that Mr. Stanton took a prominent part in town, county and State affairs from 1636, when he acted as interpreter at Saybrook, until near the close of his life. His name is connected with the leading measures of the colony, and with almost every Indian transaction on record. In 1670, Uncas, the Mohegan sachem, went from Mohegan to Pawcatuck for Mr. Stanton to write his will, taking with him a train of his noblest warriors to witness the same, giving to the occasion all the pomp and pageantry of savage royalty. He d. Dec. 2. 1677, aged 68 years. His will was probated in June. 1678. His widow survived him about eleven years, making her home with her daughter, Mrs. Dorothy Noyes, at Anguilla in Stonington, Conn. He m. Anna, daughter of Thomas and Dorothy Lord, in 1637.